All information products included in http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see http://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 4.0
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SIMATIC WinCC OA iOS App
- Vulnerability: File and Directory Information Exposure.
2 UPDATE INFORMATION
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-18-109-01 Siemens SIMATIC WinCC OA Operator iOS App that was published April 19, 2018, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT.
3. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker with physical access to read sensitive data located in the app’s directory.
4. TECHNICAL DETAILS
4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Siemens reports this vulnerability affects the following product:
- SIMATIC WinCC OA Operator iOS App: All versions prior to v1.4.
An attacker with physical access to the mobile device could read unencrypted sensitive data from the app’s directory.
- Critical Infrastructure Sectors: Chemical, Energy, Food and Agriculture, and Water and Wastewater Systems
- Countries/Areas Deployed: Worldwide
- Company Headquarters Location: Germany
Alexander Bolshev of IOActive and Ivan Yushkevich of Embedi reported this vulnerability to Siemens.
Siemens has recommended that users update to v1.4, which can be located here:
Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations that users can apply to reduce the risk:
- Toggle off the button to save password while logging in, and logout after every work session.
- Follow the SIMATIC WinCC OA Security Guideline (available at https://portal.etm.at/index.php? option=com_phocadownload&view=category&id=52:security&Itemid=81) for maintaining a secured SIMATIC WinCC OA environment.
- Siemens does not recommend to use the app in high security areas.
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for Industrial Security (Download: https://www.siemens.com/cert/operational-guidelines-industrial-security), and following the recommendations in the product manuals. Additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity
For more information on this vulnerability and associated mitigation practices, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-597741 on their website:
NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. This vulnerability is not exploitable remotely. High skill level is needed to exploit.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870
The NCCIC continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.