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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 5.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SCALANCE X switches
- Vulnerabilities: Cross-site Scripting
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these cross-site scripting vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to store script code on the website and execute cross-site scripting (XSS), affecting the website’s confidentiality, integrity, and availability. However, no known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. High skill level is needed to exploit.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Siemens reports the vulnerabilities affects the following SCALANCE X switch products:
- SCALANCE X-200: All versions prior to v5.2.3 (only affected by CVE-2018-4848),
- SCALANCE X-200 IRT: All versions prior to v5.4.1, and
- SCALANCE X300: All versions.
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
A remote, authenticated attacker with access to the configuration web server could store script code on the website, provided the HRP redundancy option is set. This code could be executed in the web browser of users visiting this website (XSS), affecting its confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
User interaction is required for successful exploitation as the user needs to visit the manipulated website.
The integrated configuration web server of the affected Scalance X switches could allow XSS attacks if unsuspecting users are tricked into accessing a malicious link.
User interaction is required for successful exploitation. The user must be logged into the web interface in order for the exploitation to succeed.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Healthcare and Public Health, Transportation Systems, and Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Marius Rothenbücher and Ali Abbasi reported these vulnerabilities to Siemens Product CERT.
Siemens has provided updates for the following products to fix the vulnerabilities:
- SCALANCE X-200: Update to v5.2.3
- SCALANCE X-200 IRT: Update to v5.4.1
As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for Industrial Security (Download: https://www.siemens.com/cert/operational-guidelines-industrial-security), and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
Additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens can be found at:
For more information on these vulnerabilities and associated software updates, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-480829 on their website:
NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
NCCIC also recommends that users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
- Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. High skill level is needed to exploit.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:
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