ICS Advisory (ICSA-19-262-01)

Tridium Niagara

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.8
  • ATTENTION: Low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Tridium
  • Equipment: Niagara
  • Vulnerabilities: Information Exposure, Improper Authorization

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow a local user to escalate their privileges.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Tridium products are affected:

  • Niagara AX 3.8u4 (JACE 3e, JACE 6e, JACE 7, JACE-8000)
  • Niagara 4.4u3 (JACE 3e, JACE 6e, JACE 7, JACE-8000)
  • Niagara 4.7u1 (JACE-8000, Edge 10)

Niagara Windows and Linux Supervisor installations are not impacted.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    INFORMATION EXPOSURE CWE-200

The QNX procfs service provides access to various process information and assets, which could allow a less privileged process to gain access to a target address space. 

CVE-2019-8998 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2    IMPROPER AUTHORIZATION CWE-285

A specific utility may allow an attacker to gain read access to privileged files. 

CVE-2019-13528 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 4.4 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Government Facilities, Information Technology
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States

3.4 RESEARCHER

Johannes Eger and Fabian Ullrich of the Secure Mobile Networking Lab reported CVE-2019-8998 to BlackBerry. Francisco Tacliad reported CVE-2019-13528 to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Tridium has released updates that mitigate these vulnerabilities and recommends users update to the versions identified below:

  • Niagara AX 3.8u4: 
    • OS Dist: 2.7.402.2
    • NRE Config Dist: 3.8.401.1
  • Niagara 4.4u3:
    • OS Dist: 4.4.73.38.1 NRE Config
    • Dist: 4.4.94.14.1
  • Niagara 4.7u1:
    • OS Dist: (JACE 8000) 4.7.109.16.1
    • OS Dist (Edge 10): 4.7.109.18.1
    • NRE Config Dist: 4.7.110.32.1

Updates are available by contacting the sales support channel or by contacting the Tridium support team at support@tridium.com

All Tridium Niagara users for all supported platforms are encouraged to update their systems with these releases to mitigate risk. For further guidance, please contact a Tridium account manager or Customer Support.

In addition to updating to the latest version, Tridium recommends users with affected products take the following steps:

  • Review and validate the list of authorized users who can authenticate to Niagara.
  • Allow only trained and trusted persons to have physical access to the system, including devices with connection to the system though the Ethernet port.
  • If remote connections to the network are required, consider using a VPN or other means to ensure secure remote connections into the network.

For more information please refer to:

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
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