ICS Advisory (ICSA-20-042-04)

Siemens PROFINET-IO Stack (Update A)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Siemens PROFINET-IO Stack
  • Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-20-042-04 Siemens PROFINET-IO Stack that was published February 11, 2020, to the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could lead to a denial-of-service condition.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Products that include the Siemens PROFINET-IO (PNIO) stack in versions prior to v06.00 are affected. Additionally, Siemens recommends other vendors of PROFINET devices check their products for vulnerable versions of the Siemens PNIO stack as part of the Siemens Development/Evaluation Kits.

  • Development/Evaluation Kits for PROFINET IO:
    • DK Standard Ethernet Controller: all versions
    • EK-ERTEC 200: all versions prior to 4.5
    • EK-ERTEC 200P: all versions prior to 4.6
  • PROFINET Driver for Controller: all version prior to 2.1
  • RUGGEDCOM RM1224: all versions prior to 4.3
  • SCALANCE M-800 / S615: all versions prior to 4.3
  • SCALANCE W700 IEEE 802.11n: all versions prior to 6.0.1
  • SCALANCE X-200 switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SCALANCE X-200IRT switch family (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions prior to 5.3 
  • SCALANCE X-300 switch family (incl. X408 and SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SCALANCE XB-200, XC-200, XP-200, XF-200BA and XR-300WG: all versions prior to 3.0
  • SCALANCE XM-400 switch family: all versions prior to 6.0
  • SCALANCE XR-500 switch family: all versions prior to 6.0
  • SIMATIC CP 1616 and CP 1604: all versions prior to 2.8
  • SIMATIC CP 343-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 343-1 Advanced (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 343-1 ERPC: all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 343-1 LEAN (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 443-1 (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 443-1 Advanced (incl. SIPLUS NET variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC CP 443-1 OPC UA: all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200AL IM 157-1 PN: all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200M IM153-4 PN IO HF (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200M IM153-4 PN IO ST (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200MP IM155-5 PN HF (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions prior to 4.2.0
  • SIMATIC ET200MP IM155-5 PN ST (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions prior to 4.1.0
  • SIMATIC ET200S (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200SP IM155-6 PN Basic (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200SP IM155-6 PN HF (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions prior to 3.3.1
  • SIMATIC ET200SP IM155-6 PN ST (incl. SIPLUS variants): all versions prior to 4.1.0
  • SIMATIC ET200ecoPN (except 6ES7148-6JD00-0AB0 and 6ES7146-6FF00-0AB0): all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200pro, IM 154-3 PN HF: all versions
  • SIMATIC ET200pro, IM 154-4 PN HF: all versions
  • SIMATIC IPC Support, Package for VxWorks: all versions
  • SIMATIC MV400 family: all versions
  • SIMATIC PN/PN Coupler 6ES7158-3AD01-0XA0 (incl. SIPLUS NET variant): all versions
  • SIMATIC RF180C: all versions
  • SIMATIC RF182C: all versions
  • SIMATIC RF600 family: all versions prior to 3
  • SINAMICS DCP: all versions prior to 1.3

--------- Begin Update A Part 1 of 1 ---------

  • SOFTNET-IE PNIO: all versions

--------- End Update A Part 1 of 1 ---------
 

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

4.2.1    UNCONTROLLED RESOURCE CONSUMPTION CWE-400

Profinet-IO (PNIO) stack versions prior v06.00 do not properly limit internal resource allocation when multiple legitimate diagnostic package requests are sent to the DCE-RPC interface. This could lead to a denial-of-service condition due to lack of memory for devices that include a vulnerable version of the stack.

CVE-2019-13946 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

4.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

4.4 RESEARCHER

Yuval Ardon and Matan Dobrushin of OTORIO reported this vulnerability to CISA and Siemens.

5. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has released updates for several affected products and recommends users update to the new version. Siemens is preparing further updates and recommends specific countermeasures until patches are available. 

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce the risk:

  • If possible, disable PROFINET
  • SCALANCE M-800 / S615 and RUGGEDCOM RM1224: Create a firewall rule that blocks the PROFINET Context Manager port (34964/UDP).

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends users protect network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends users configure the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for Industrial Security, and follow the recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on Industrial Security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity

For more information on the vulnerability and more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Siemens security advisory SSA-780073

For more information on this vulnerability see also ICS Advisory ICSA-19-353-01 Moxa EDS Ethernet Switches.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. 


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://www.us-cert.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://www.us-cert.gov/report

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